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Daintree rainforest and antarctica + animals
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The Penguin

The animal from even more downunder than downunder(Antarctica)

General Classifiction
The penguin is a warmblooded animal that lives in the cold regions of Antarctica. The penguin has webbed feet and is very warm in the continent of Antarctica because of its fat blubber.

Anatomy, Diet and Habitat
Anatomy
The Emperor Penguin is the largest of all the penguins.it's up to 1.1 m tall and weighs up to 30 kg. This is the size of half an adult person. Males and females look just about the same. All penguins have a big head, a short, thick neck, a streamlined shape, a short, wedge-shaped tail, and tiny, flipper-like wings. They have webbed feet which they use for swimming.
Diet
Penguins live in the ocean. They eat fish, crustaceans like krill and squid.
Habitat
All penguins live in the Southern Hemisphere. These defenseless birds usually live on predator-free islands or on remote parts of a continent. Some penguins, like the Emperor Penguin, live on pack ice in Antarctica.
 

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Adaptations and movement
ADAPTATIONS
Penguins are designed for life in the sea. Some species spend as much as 75% of their lives in the water. They also have a remarkable deep-diving ability. Heavy, solid bones act like a diver's weight belt, allowing them to stay underwater.Their wings, shaped like flippers, help them "fly" underwater at speeds up to 15 mph. A streamlined body, their blubber, and watertight feathers all add to their efficiency and comfort underwater.
MOVEMENT
Penguins waddle around Antarctica using their webbed feet to move. An average of km's for a penguin to move for 1 hour is 1 and a half kilometers.
 

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Life Cycle, Behaviour, Reproduction, Defence, Enemies and Survival Status of the penguin.
 
LIFE CYCLE
Every year, female and male penguins get together to mate. Penguin mothers lay one or two eggs in a nest. The nest can be made of grass, a circle of stones, or a burrow under the ground or ice. The penguin mother and father take turns incubating the eggs, which takes between one and two months, depending on the species. The chick then chips it's way out of the egg.
 
BEHAVIOUR
Usual behaviour of penguins include: finding food,finding water, waddling around Antarctica and incubating their eggs.
ENEMIES AND DEFENCE
Who Are Penguin Enemies?
Their enemies are leopard seals, sea lions, killer whales and birds of prey, the latter feeding on their eggs and the chicks. The penguins have no line of defence against these animals.
 
REPRODUCTION
Mating season is the time for reproduction which is summer till winter. Most of the winter penguins experience a full day of half-light in this period and mate and wait for about 8-9 months to have a chick.
 
SURVIVAL STATUS
The penguin is highly endangered because of hunting for meat by humans and they have no line of defence for themselves against humans or animals.
 
I hope I have given you a clear detail session on the Penguin. Please feel free to go to the next page

 



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Simon Love 2005